Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2023
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

NOTE 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies


Nature of Business - Sigma Additive Solutions, Inc., a Nevada corporation (“Company,” “Sigma,” “we,” “us” and “our”), was founded by a group of scientists, engineers and businessmen to develop and commercialize novel and unique manufacturing and materials technologies. The Company’s core technologies are designed to allow its customers to combine advanced manufacturing quality assurance and process control protocols with novel materials to achieve breakthrough product potential in many industries, including aerospace, defense, oil and gas, bio-medical, and power generation.


Reverse Stock Split - Effective September 22, 2023, we effected a 1-for-20 reverse stock split of the outstanding shares of our common stock and a corresponding decrease in the number of shares of our common stock that we are authorized to issue. The effects of the reverse stock split have been retroactively reflected in all periods presented.


Basis of Presentation - The accompanying financial statements have been prepared by the Company in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) in the United States of America. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include only normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows at September 30, 2023 and 2022 and for the periods then ended have been made. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted. These condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the December 31, 2022 audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022. The results of operations for the period ended September 30, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full year.


Going Concern – The Company has sustained losses and had negative cash flows from operating activities since its inception.


On September 7, 2023, we raised $364,555 in net proceeds pursuant to our At-The-Market Issuance Sales Agreement, or ATM Agreement, and on October 13, 2023, we raised an additional $772,468 in net proceeds. With these additional proceeds, the Company estimates that it has sufficient cash and working capital to fund its scaled-back operations as described below pending the completion of our acquisition of NextTrip Holdings, Inc. and sale of assets to Divergent Technologies, Inc., or through March 2024. The Company reduced its employee headcount, and discontinued product development activities for the time being to ensure lowered expenses. The Company is continuing to operate and support its existing customers who have maintenance agreements and leases in place, supporting new installations in the field, and actively seeking potential sales of the PrintRite3D systems and software to customers who have lease agreements in place, systems on consignment, or otherwise express interest in Sigma’s products available for sale. The Company completed two such sales in the quarter ended September 30, 2023, and believes additional sales are achievable going forward as we progress towards closing the pending transactions. There is no assurance, however, that we will be able to close either transaction. If we fail to complete the acquisition of NextTrip Holdings, Inc., we intend to proceed with the sale of assets to Divergent Technologies, Inc. and may seek to undertake another strategic transaction, if possible, or the dissolution and liquidation or the bankruptcy of the Company. For these reasons, there is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.


Fair Value of Financial Instruments – The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheets for the cash and cash equivalents, receivables, accounts payable, and accrued liabilities each qualify as financial instruments and are a reasonable estimate of fair value because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization and their current market rate of interest.


The Company does not use derivative instruments for hedging market risk or for trading or speculative purposes.



Loss Per Share – The computation of loss per share is based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period in accordance with ASC Topic No. 260, “Earnings Per Share.” Shares underlying the Company’s outstanding warrants, options and preferred stock were excluded due to the anti-dilutive effect they would have on the computation. At September 30, 2023 and 2022, the Company had the following common shares underlying these instruments:

 Schedule of Anti-dilutive Securities Excluded from Computation of Earnings Per Share

    2023     2022  
    September 30,  
    2023     2022  
Warrants     222,043       191,164  
Stock Options     90,727       89,247  
Preferred Stock     3,069       7,446  
Total Underlying Common Shares     315,839       287,857  


The following table shows the amounts used in computing loss per share and the effect on net loss and the weighted average number of potentially dilutive shares for the periods shown:


    2023     2022     2023     2022  
    Three Months Ended
September 30
    Nine Months Ended
September 30
    2023     2022     2023     2022  
Net Loss Per Common Share – Basic and Diluted   $ (1.57 )   $ (4.39 )   $ (7.28 )   $ (12.93 )
Loss Applicable to Common Stockholders (numerator)   $ (882,348 )   $ (2,306,528 )   $ (3,964,577 )   $ (6,789,533 )
Weighted Average Number of Common. Shares Outstanding Used in Loss Per Share During the Period (denominator)     560,310       524,940       544,587       524,940  


Accounting Estimates – The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimated by management. Significant accounting estimates that may materially change in the near future are impairment of long-lived assets, values of stock compensation awards and stock equivalents granted as offering costs, and allowance for bad debts and inventory obsolescence.


Leases – The Company leases office space from third parties. The Company determines if a contract is a lease at inception. A contract contains a lease if the contract conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration. The lease term begins on the commencement date, which is the date the Company takes possession of the asset and may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the option will be exercised. Leases are classified as operating or finance leases based on factors such as the lease term, lease payments, and the economic life, fair value and estimated residual value of the asset. Where leases include an option to purchase the leased asset at the end of the lease term, this is assessed as a part of the Company’s lease classification determination. The Company has month-to-month leases only, cancellable upon 45 days’ notice. Therefore, the Company has elected the short-term lease recognition exemption for all leases, whereby leases are not recorded on the Company’s balance sheet and lease payments are recognized as lease expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term.



Long-Lived and Intangible Assets – Long-lived assets and certain identifiable definite life intangibles to be held and used by the Company are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. The Company periodically evaluates the recoverability of its long-lived assets based on estimated future cash flows and the estimated liquidation value of such long-lived assets and provides for impairment if such undiscounted cash flows are insufficient to recover the carrying amount of the long-lived assets. If impairment exists, an adjustment is made to write the asset down to its fair value, and a loss is recorded as the difference between the carrying value and fair value. Fair values are determined based on quoted market values, discounted cash flows or internal and external appraisals, as applicable. Assets to be disposed of are carried at the lower of carrying value or estimated net realizable value. No patents were written off in the third quarter of 2023 or in fiscal 2022. Utility patents are amortized over a 17-year period. Patents which are pending are not amortized.


Revenue Recognition The Company’s revenue is derived primarily from sales of our software and related hardware suite under perpetual licenses and from providing engineering services under contracts. The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC Topic No. 606. In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 is a comprehensive revenue recognition standard that superseded nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under prior U.S. GAAP and replaced it with a principles-based approach for determining revenue recognition. The core principle of the standard is the recognition of revenue upon the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In general, we determine revenue recognition by: (1) identifying the contract, or contracts, with our customer; (2) identifying the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determining the transaction price; (4) allocating the transaction price to performance obligations in the contract; and (5) recognizing revenue when, or as, we satisfy performance obligations by transferring the promised goods or services.


In January 2022, the Company began offering a subscription option to its customers pursuant to which it leases its PrintRite3D platform for terms of between 12 and 36 months and provide technical support and maintenance for the term of the arrangement, as well as installation and training. The Company has determined these are leases because they relate to discrete pieces of equipment to which customers have the right to substantially all the economic benefit and exclusive use during the term of the arrangement. These leases are classified as operating leases and the Company retains title to the underlying equipment.


The leases may be renewed for successive one-year terms unless notice is given by either party of its intent not to renew at least 30 days before the end of the lease term. For leases with 36-month terms, the lessee may terminate the agreement after the first 18 months upon at least 30 days written notice. Some, but not all, of the leases permit lessees to purchase the equipment at any time at an amount that approximates fair value and are not reasonably certain to be exercised at the inception of the lease. There are no anticipated variable lease payments at the inception of the lease.


There are two non-lease components in the arrangement that consist of technical support and maintenance, and installation and training, respectively. The Company has elected single component practical expedient accounting to combine the technical support and maintenance with the lease as they have the same pattern of transfer. The installation and training component does not have the same pattern of transfer; therefore, this component is not eligible for single component practical expedient accounting. The consideration has been allocated on a relative fair value basis of the underlying lease and non-lease components. The Company has estimated the residual value of the leased equipment based on its useful life, and the ability to refurbish and sell the equipment, as well as the Company’s ability to componentize the hardware and utilize subassemblies in other products.


Revenue from these operating leases for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 was $8,503 and $36,846, respectively.


Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts – Trade accounts receivable are carried at original invoice amount less an estimated allowance for doubtful accounts. We determine the allowance for doubtful accounts by identifying potential troubled accounts and by using historical experience and future expectations applied to an aging of accounts. Trade accounts receivable are written off when deemed uncollectible. Recoveries of trade accounts receivable previously written off are recorded as income when received. As of September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022, the Company had established an allowance for doubtful accounts of $115,600 and $0, respectively.



Minimum Lease Payments Receivable


Minimum lease payments receivable for the succeeding years ending December 31 are as follows:


Year ending December 31,   Amount  
2023 (remaining)   $ 8,503  
2024     8,503  
2025     -  


Thereafter     -  
Total   $ 17,006  


Equipment Underlying Operating Leases:


Equipment under operating leases as of September 30, 2023 was comprised of the following:



September 30,


PrintRite3D Hardware   $ 77,208  
Accumulated Depreciation     (15,203 )
Net Book Value   $ 62,005  


The Company is depreciating the underlying equipment over its useful life of 7 years, but certain subassemblies and components may have a longer economic life.